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Pregnancy And Birth – ART Terms Explained

Pregnancy and Birth – ART terms explained

Assisted reproductive technology (ART)

ART refers to the technology used to aid assist those who find it difficult to conceive without intervention.  Also referred to as fertility treatment.

In vitro fertilisation (IVF)

In vitro fertilisation (IVF) is one of several assisted reproductive technologies (ART) used to help infertile couples to conceive a child. IVF is a process in which fertilisation of an egg occurs outside the body.

IVF does not refer to a single procedure but instead to the following series of steps taken over a number of weeks:

  • Ovarian stimulation
  • Egg collection
  • Fertilisation
  • Embryo transfer

Controlled Ovarian Hyperstimulation

The process of stimulating the female ovaries by use of medications to produce multiple mature follicles which are extracted for fertilisation just prior to ovulation.

Co-incubation

Once the eggs have been extracted, they are incubated together with the washed sperm for fertilisation.  If there are known issues with sperm motility or quantity then ICSI may be utilised for fertilisation instead.

Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)

ICSI is used for fertilisation when low sperm count or motility are an issue.  It involves the injection of a single sperm into an egg in order to achieve fertilisation.

Ovulation induction

Use of medications to stimulate the production of a single mature follicle.

Anti Mullerian Hormone (AMH)

AMH levels are detected by blood test.  It is one of the methods used to determine a women’s remaining egg supply and it is also a predictor of poor ovarian response to IVF.

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)

PCOS is a hormonal condition the cause of which is unknown. About 12-18% of women are affected and suffer a range of symptoms including:
• irregular menstrual cycles or the absence of periods (amenorrhoea)
• infertility
• excessive hair growth (hirsuitism) as well as head hair loss
• acne
• mood changes including increased anxiety and depression
• weight gain and obesity

Our team can assist you by providing expert advice and legal support regarding your options. Contact us today on (02) 4929 3995 or info@catherinehenrylawyers.com.au.

*The material provided in our information sheets is for general knowledge only and is not a substitute for independent legal advice. For further information about the issues affecting you, please contact one of our experienced and professional lawyers for expert advice.

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